Acne vulgaris affects over 80% of teenagers. But why does this occur?
Teenage skin – an overview
During puberty, hormone production changes. Rising androgen levels cause the oil glands under the skin to grow and cause the oil glands to become overactive.
Excessive oil flow can break down the structure of the pores, causing bacteria to grow. Therefore, we typically see an increase of pimples when we are going through puberty.
What contributes to breakouts and how do we address it?
Studies have indicated that diets high in carbohydrate-rich food and dairy may worsen acne; the main snacks of choice for a stressed and hungry teenager.
When your gut is unhappy, all the functions of the body are impacted, from energy levels to acne. Gut health also plays an integral role in keeping the skin clear and happy. The gut has an independent nervous system (Enteric Nervous System). The reason the gut is known as the “second brain” is that the ENS operates independently of the brain and spinal cord (the central nervous system).
Introduce probiotics into your routine, as well as reducing your carbohydrate and dairy intake. Fermented foods such as sauerkraut, kombucha and kimchi can also aid in balancing and improving gut bacteria.
Makeup and Skin Care
In a society that now prefers a heavy makeup routine (long wear foundations, baking and contouring), congestion and blockages are becoming more prominent.
It is important to avoid pore-clogging ingredients such as talc and Bismuth oxychloride, and ensure you remove makeup daily. Mineral makeup is the perfect alternative as it contains no talc and is water binding, so it will never seep into your skin.
Stick to properly prescribed cleansers when removing your makeup.
Makeup wipes often contain ingredients such as harsh, skin-stripping ingredients that increase oil production to compensate for the loss.
Skin care should not contain silicones, parabens or SLS (sodium lauryl sulphate).
Stress causes your body to produce more cortisol, telling your oil glands to produce more oil.
Our oil glands are also immune organs, which can create inflammation, swelling or redness. So, when we are stressed, run down, and our immunity is down, we can almost guarantee a breakout.
What treatments should we seek?
IPL Acne Reduction
IPL acne treatments work by emitting a 420nm blue light into the skin and creating what is called a photodynamic reaction.
P. Acne Bacteria lives in an oxygen-free environment, which when exposed to IPL blue light, releases singlet oxygen and shuts down their metabolism.
This treatment is comfortable and has no downtime. Perfect for teenagers!
LED Light Therapy
LED uses Blue Light therapy to kill acne-causing bacteria which is found on the surface of the skin. It also works to eliminate the bacteria found within the oil glands.
LED can be used to treat acne that is already present on the skin but also works to prevent future outbreaks.
LED has no downtime and can be performed on the same day as many other treatments, including IPL.
Congestion can create an uneven complexion as well as cause lumps, bumps and blackheads.
Hydrodermabrasion simultaneously works to remove any blockage-causing dead skin, clears out pores and deeply hydrates the skin.
Hydrated skin will not only allow for natural oils to spill onto the skin without blockage, but it also helps the skin heal and recover faster.
Free radicals. We’ve all heard of them, but what do they do? Free radicals destabilise the oxygen molecules in our skin.
While Free radicals are best known for air pollution, they can also worsen during times of stress, fast food consumption and when taking antibiotics.
Increasing the oxygen levels in our skin will aid in keeping the acne bacteria at bay, stabilizing our skin, and help keep cellular energy high, which is important to ensure your skin is functioning correctly.